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Is your business community property in Arizona?

On Behalf of | Dec 18, 2023 | Blog, Family Law |

Couples going through a divorce in Arizona often grapple with the division of assets. One significant aspect that comes into focus is the treatment of businesses in the context of community property.

Understanding whether a business is community property is important for a fair and equitable distribution of assets.

Community property in Arizona

Arizona follows the community property framework for dividing assets during a divorce. This means that any property acquired during the marriage is generally community property, owned equally by both spouses, regardless of who earned or acquired it. While this principle seems straightforward, applying it to businesses introduces a layer of complexity.

Sole and separate property

In Arizona, property acquired before the marriage or through inheritance or gift during the marriage is separate property. This distinction is important when assessing the status of a business in divorce proceedings. If a spouse owned a business before the marriage or received it as a gift or inheritance, it may be separate property and not subject to division.

Businesses and community property

The treatment of a business as community property hinges on various factors, including when the business started, its growth during the marriage and the level of involvement of both spouses. If a business started before the marriage but expanded or flourished during the union, the increased value might be subject to division.

Valuation challenges

Arizona is home to 611,097 small businesses, and they make up 99.5% of the state’s businesses. Valuing a business accurately is often a challenge in divorce cases. Determining the fair market value requires a thorough assessment of assets, liabilities and the overall financial health of the business. Professional appraisers may be necessary to provide an objective valuation.

Equitable distribution

While Arizona’s community property laws presume equal ownership, the court aims for an equitable distribution rather than an equal split. Factors such as each spouse’s financial contributions, their respective needs and the duration of the marriage can determine a fair distribution of community property, including businesses.

Whether a business is community property in an Arizona divorce depends on various factors, and each case is unique. Understanding the distinctions between community and separate property is necessary.